Last Wednesday, Harvard and MIT announced their partnership in a venture called edX, an organization they have established to offer free open-source technology based distance learning courses. This is a real step forward for open- source education because it provides access to high-level academics to those who may not be best served by the traditional higher education system. It also represents a paradigm shift in the way institutions service the need for education. Higher education has gone too long without disruption. While many of these schools are using technology in the classroom, these technologies have just become part of the existing system. In other words, implementing technology in classrooms has, to date, only replaced the slide rule with the laptop. EdX represents an entirely new way of implementing technology that actually addresses a social need: open access to high quality education. This couldn’t have come at a better time. As more and more individuals are realizing their potentials through their entrepreneurial spirit, the role of the outdated higher education system becomes les sensible. What we need, and what edX is delivering, is the opportunity for those who are self-motivated to gain the information and skills they require. There was a time when graduating from a top university meant everything, but going to college is cost prohibitive and creates a system where education becomes a luxury. Open-source, free courses democratize education and free up information. As more institutions start moving down this path, we will see a new generation of self-starters who, instead of wasting their money and energies chasing a piece of paper, are equipped with the knowledge and the financial capacity to achieve their goals. As we begin to realize this new paradigm it can finally be said that higher education has begun to enter the 21st century.
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April 22 is Earth Day, a day each year when we focus on the need to preserve our natural environment. Besides being encouraged to gather at pro-environment rallies, such as the one that takes place each year on the National Mall in Washington DC, people are urged to take small, yet positive actions to help save the earth. Today, social media and Internet technologies have taken environmental advocacy to another level.
The Earth Day Network website, for example, (http://act.earthday.org) enables individuals to collectively perform “One Billion Acts of Green”– each person committing to one “Green” act, whether that means biking to work instead of driving, planting a garden, or turning off the water when brushing your teeth.
While I do believe these acts are commendable, I also hope that they don’t lead people to sit back with great pride and self-adoration, thinking they’ve done their part. I firmly believe that conservation alone will do little to save our planet!
Why? Sheer numbers for one. While our planet’s resources are finite, there are more of us than ever before. Last October, the United Nations estimated that the world’s population had reached roughly seven billion, and said that the number is projected to continue to soar to 8 billion by 2027.
At current population levels, we already face near-and long-term shortages in critical, life-sustaining resources such as potable water, oil, food, basic commodities and medications, not to mention the looming climate crisis. Soon there will be an additional one billion people who need access to clean water, one billion more people who need medication, and one billion more people who will require fuels to cook, heat their homes and transport themselves. One billion more people who, if they live like the average American does today, will produce 4.4 pounds (2 kg) of garbage a day, or roughly 1,600 pounds (726 kg) a year, according to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. This does not include industrial waste either. All the conservation efforts in the world will have difficulty denting that.
I also see human nature itself as an obstacle. The moment that we humans gave up our hunter-gatherer existences for more settled communities, we began a quest to make our lives better and more comfortable, and we’ve been sucking precious and finite resources from our environment ever since.
To point out just a few examples, the Romans deforested much of Europe and the Middle East in their efforts to expand their empire. And archeologists believe that Native Americans who lived in cave dwellings in what is now New Mexico, centuries before it was settled by the Spanish, abandoned their dwellings after the land they chose to cultivate could no longer support their numbers. Indeed, few human civilizations appear to have had the foresight to preserve their surroundings in their drive to be the most successful species on this planet.
If this appears to be a dark view of humankind, so be it. However, I do also believe that there is an enormous opportunity to tap into another deeply engrained human instinct to fix the very serious environmental and natural resource crises that we face today. And that instinct lies squarely around our deep-seeded urge to innovate.
Whether it was building the wheel, discovering how to make fire, inventing the printing press or finding a vaccine for polio, humans have always used their intelligence and creativity to improve our existence.
I believe that in this drive to innovate, which some may say has led to the very crises we face today, we can also find the solutions to address our planet’s most serious issues. That could mean focusing on how we can turn our ocean waters into new sources of fresh water through desalination, development of synthetic bacteria to help clean up pollution or looking at ways to exploit potential resources from the moon. The moon could also provide a location for astronauts to explore and prepare for deeper missions into space, where we could discover other resources for our planet.
While humans are creative, not all of us are entrepreneurs. Many people have good ideas, but only a small percentage of us have a vision and then execute on ideas that can propel us forward. That’s why I believe we need to put in place mechanisms to encourage our brightest minds to put their best efforts towards helping save our planet.
That’s one reason I serve as a trustee on the board and Co-Chairman of Education and Global Development of the X PRIZE Foundation, a US-based non-profit organization whose mission is to bring about radical breakthroughs in the areas of education, poverty, agriculture, health, and clean water. “Somewhere in the world, someone will have the solution” is our motto. At X PRIZE, we believe in tapping into the human spirit of competition to drive advances, creating and managing large-scale, incentivized prize competitions to stimulate research and development in education & global development, energy & environment, life sciences and ocean and deep space exploration.
I sincerely believe that putting our collective financial, mental and ingenuity resources and into these efforts will bring us forward in addressing our environmental and finite resource concerns. I say, go ahead and do your part to contribute on Earth Day. And sure, turn off the water as you brush your teeth. Why not? But without seriously investing in our spirit of innovation to put solutions in place that directly solve the sustainability problems we face, I believe the long-term future of our planet is bleak at best.
What do you think?
Today, March 8th, is International Women’s Day. This day has been observed for over 100 years as a way to celebrate the successes and achievements of women around the world and to promote awareness of gender issues that still exist. Thousands of events are being held globally today to celebrate and recognize women’s achievements now and in the past.
While walls (and ceilings) have been broken down in some countries with women serving as astronauts, politicians and prime ministers, there is still a ways to go, especially internationally, in achieving gender equality.
According to one article, here are five reasons you should care about International Women’s Day:
- Violence Against Women is Rife Worldwide
- Women Are Under-Represented in Politics
- Women Are Disproportionately Affected by Conflict
- Women Are More Likely to Suffer from Poverty and Lack of Education
- Double Standards Exist on How Our Societies Perceive, Value, and Judge Men and Women
Let’s all celebrate women’s accomplishments and take action to advocate for gender equality.
I continue to see stories on the topic of social entrepreneurship in the news. In a time when people are as concerned with the social impact of their spending as they are with what they are spending on, social entrepreneurship is the way that all can benefit. And there are so many examples of great socially focused companies. One company that many people are familiar with is Toms shoes. For every pair of shoes purchased from them they donate a pair of shoes to someone in need. Samasource is another great example. They provide outsourced computer work to women and children in some of the highest poverty areas of the world.
What these companies all have in common is their unwillingness to separate the good of society from their own goals. This is going to be the future of entrepreneurship and the way we will solve many of the world’s problems. By relying on our society’s most innovative people, we will be able to help those around the world who need it while we also strengthen our economies.
A passion of mine is finding ways to use technology to impact billions in poor parts of the world. My hope is to use artificial intelligence software that can be deployed on an android tablet. This device can be used by a normal village person to diagnosis common diseases. That’s why I chose to fund the Digital Doctor X PRIZE Challenge. A video of my vision for project is here, and this article gives further insight.
I encourage all of you to read about the Qualcomm Tricorder X PRIZE. This X PRIZE encourages entrepreneurs and innovators to build a device that can allow a user to make diagnoses without having to visit a doctor or hospital. Imagine a portable, wireless device that can diagnose diseases in remote areas of the world.
Read the full description below, which comes from the official website:
The Prize: Empowering Personal Healthcare
The Qualcomm Tricorder X PRIZE is a $10 million global competition to stimulate innovation and integration of precision diagnostic technologies, making reliable health diagnoses available directly to “health consumers” in their homes.
The dire need for improvements in health and healthcare in the U.S. has captured the attention of government, industry, and private citizens for years. But a viable solution has yet evaded one of the most technologically advanced, educated and prosperous nations on the globe. Integrated diagnostic technology, once available on a consumer mobile device that is easy to use, will allow individuals to incorporate health knowledge and decision-making into their daily lives.
Advances in fields such as artificial intelligence, wireless sensing, imaging diagnostics, lab-on-a-chip, and molecular biology will enable better choices in when, where, and how individuals receive care, thus making healthcare more convenient, affordable, and accessible. The winner will be the team whose technology most accurately diagnoses a set of diseases independent of a healthcare professional or facility, and that provides the best consumer user experience with their device.
The Instrument Itself
As envisioned for this competition, the device will be a tool capable of capturing key health metrics and diagnosing a set of 15 diseases. Metrics for health could include such elements as blood pressure, respiratory rate, and temperature. Ultimately, this tool will collect large volumes of data from ongoing measurement of health states through a combination of wireless sensors, imaging technologies, and portable, non-invasive laboratory replacements.
Given that each team will take its own approach to design and functionality, the device’s physical appearance and functionality may vary immensely from team to team. Indeed, the only stated limit on form is that the mass of its components together must be no greater than five pounds. But because an important part of the qualifying round will be evaluating consumer experience in using it, the limitations set by this competition will force teams to make choices. Teams will have to consider tradeoffs amongst weight, functionality, power requirements, battery life, screen resolution, AI engine location, diagnosis capability, end consumer cost, and so on.
Beyond the weight requirement, there is no limit as to how many discrete components constitute a viable solution. For example, teams may use sensors that are attached to a phone-like control unit, fastened individually to the consumer, or kept apart and reserved for occasional use or home monitoring. Similarly, teams may create a tool that has a large screen, a small screen, or perhaps even no screen (audio only). Systems must include a way for consumers to store and share their information, which must be accessible remotely via the Internet. Additionally, teams are expected to follow guidelines and protocols that help ensure that consumer safety is held in the highest regard. This includes avoiding harm from electrical energy, thermal energy, chemical exposures, needles, lancets, and infection.
The Need for the Prize
In virtually every industry, end consumer needs drive advances and improvements. Except in healthcare. Very few methods exist for consumers to receive direct medical care without seeing a healthcare professional at a clinic or hospital, creating an access bottleneck. Despite substantial investment to improve the status quo, even average levels of service, efficiency, affordability, accessibility, and satisfaction remain out of reach for many whom the system was intended to help. A prize is thus sorely needed.
In response to this widespread need, the Qualcomm Tricorder X PRIZE will:
- Address the dual challenge of a) transforming healthcare by turning the “art” of medicine into a science, and b) making health a willing part of individuals’ daily lives.
- Tackle needed breakthroughs in sensing technologies, technological integration, regulatory acceptance, and the perception that healthcare should be controlled by only a few skilled parties.
- Incentivize teams to focus on a) precision diagnosis and measurement that is independent of healthcare institutions/professionals and on b) consumer needs/adoption.
- Facilitate necessary partnerships and regulatory pathways required for this major transformation.
- Inspire a future where consumers demand the tools to assess and manage their health independent of a hospital or doctor’s office.
- Spark the creation of markets and products that offer medical detection, prevention, and management, as well as more complete diagnostics.
In 1990 the U.S. government launched The Human Genome Project. In 2007 the first commercial reading of it became available. Now, a new scientific and entrepreneurial development lets you map your genes for just $1,000.
With this technology, a person’s genetic code could be used to prevent and treat diseases. You can find out your risks of developing diabetes, high blood pressure, and other health issues. Imagine what it will do for diagnostic and drug testing.
The California-based genomics company, Life Technologies Corp. plans to make genome mapping machine available by the end of 2012.
Read the WSJ article here.